Case compounding in Beserman Udmurt
The topic of this paper is case compounding, i.e. attachment of multiple case markers to a noun stem, in Beserman Udmurt, which we also briefly compare to Literary Udmurt. Almost all types of case compounding as described by Noonan (2008) are attested in the language, however derivational compounding and compounding due to suspended affixation only play a marginal role. We use referential communication experiments and corpus data to analyze the constraints on this phenomenon. We also argue that possessive marking, which is often said to be obligatory in compounding (e.g. Alatyrev 1983: 586, Winkler 2001: 43), is in fact triggered by informational-structural factors that are associated with compounding, rather than by compounding itself. The paper is based primarily on the data that we collected in the field in 2003–2017.
Udmurt; Beserman; case compounding; information structure
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ISSN 1736-8987 (print)
ISSN 2228-1339 (online)